DRAMAS/FICTIONAL MOVIES ABOUT ANTARCTICA
Compiled by Valmar Kurol
© Valmar Kurol (2009, 2010, 2011, 2013)
NOTE: This valuable resource is kindly provided by Valmar Kurol (Montreal Antarctic Society/Societe Antarctique de Montreal).
Valmar Kurol can be reached directly at firstname.lastname@example.org
Launched: 10 May 2009. Last Updated: 9 January 2013
For further reference, other Antarctic and Arctic film and television program listings have been compiled by Elizabeth Leane (Australia) and Laura Kay (U.S.A.) and their Web sites links are included below:
SOUTH OF SANITY (2012) (U.K.)
Directed by Kirk Watson and Mathew Edwards, featuring the directors and 12 scientists and contractors from the British Antarctic Survey. This was the first feature fiction film shot entirely in the Antarctic, by a BAS crew with spare time and creativity on their hands. Director Watson had six years of experience working in Antarctica as a mountaineering guide and Edwards, the scriptwriter, was the London-based BAS doctor. In the plot, a rescue team arrives at an Antarctic base that has gone silent, and finds no survivors. The station log describes the mayhem as the residents are killed one by one by a mysterious villain. The actors were reported to have used available food colouring, white flour and syrup for the fake blood.
TAPPY TOES (2011) (U.S.A.)
Directed by American animator Darrell Van Citters, this is a 41-minute low-budget mockbuster animated film, based on the high-tech animation of HAPPY FEET (2006). Pingo, a young penguin, finds a pair of tap shoes in a trunk and discovers a talent for dancing, which helps him fight off a sea lion and hermit crab, to find love and be reunited with his long-lost parents.
NANKYOKU TAIRIKU (ANTARCTICA) (2011) (Japan)
Directed by Katsuo Fukuzawa, this is a Japanese television drama series, which ran in ten episodes from October to December 2011, made to commemorate Tokyo Broadcasting SystemÕs 60th anniversary. The story is based on the 1958 first Japanese Antarctic Expedition, which ended up stranding a pack of 15 sled dogs on the continent over a winter season, two of which had survived when the team returned a year later.
HAPPY FEET TWO (2011) (U.S.A.)
The 3D movie sequel to 2006Õs Happy Feet is again directed by George Mitchell, with voices by Elijah Wood, Robin Williams, Matt Damon, Hank Azaria, Brad Pitt, Matt Damon, Pink and others. The Emperor Penguin, Mumbles, the star of Happy Feet, is now the father of Erik and there are new character arrivals on the Antarctic scene. After the colony is trapped following an iceberg collapse, Erik and the other chicks must find a way to rescue it. While the plots may be confusing, the movie benefits from two comical krill and more feats of endearing tap dancing.
THE THING (2011) (U.S.A.)
MR. POPPERÕS PENGUINS (2011) (U.S.A.)
Directed by Mark Waters, featuring Jim Carrey, Carla Gugino and Angela Lansbury. A divorced upwardly mobile businessman receives six unwelcome penguins from his father. His ex-wife and children arrive for a birthday party and are smitten with the penguins, but to the detriment of his work. The plot is very loosely based on a 1938 book by Richard and Florence Atwater of the same name. The film has garnered both hot and cold reviews, based on opinions of Jim CarreyÕs performance.
PINGU - 4 Feature Set (2011) (Switzerland/ U.K.)
Pingu was a Swiss childrenÕs cartoon series created by Otmar Gutmann for BBC Television. A total of 157 5-minute shorts were produced over 1986-1998 and from 2004-2005. The shows were based at AntarcticaÕs South Pole, where claymation penguins, led by Pingu and his family and friends lived through adventures. One of the attractions of the series was the lack of any spoken dialogue and reliance on penguin sounds to convey a universal language. While numerous compilations have been issued in various countries over the years, this set of four DVDs has 30 episodes and is a good overview of the series.
FROST GIANT (2010) (U.S.A.)
Directed by Victor Garcia. A Syfy Channel TV movie featuring Dean Cain and Lucy Brown, in which explorers search for a shipwreck from the 1800s off the coast Antarctica. They discover and let loose a frozen alien heat-seeking monster that attacks a research station. Cain plays a distant relative of James Clark Ross, a real Antarctic explorer who appears in flashbacks as one of the fictional original expeditioners who encountered the alien. This is CainÕs second Antarctic movie (see BOA (2001)).
THE CHEF OF THE SOUTH POLE (2009) (Japan)
Directed by Shuichi Okita. An Antarctic science research team, based at JapanÕs Dome Fuji Station, spends a year on The Ice. A light-hearted look at the interplay between the personnel, with food being a focus, based on an autobiography by the StationÕs chef.
WATCHMEN (2009) (U.S.A.)
Directed by Zack Snyder. Based on characters from a comic book series by Alan Moore and Dave Gibbons, this live-action movie was filmed for both regular and IMAX cinemas. Set in an alternative-history mid-1980s United States, retired vigilante superheroes reunite to fight a conspiracy against them. They discover that one of their group has deadly plans of his own to save the world from killing itself. The last part of the movie is set in this characterÕs headquarters beneath the icy Antarctic landscape, where the black plot plays out a chilly resolution.
WHITEOUT (2009) (U.S.A.)
Directed by Dominic Sena, featuring Kate Beckinsale, Gabriel Macht and Tom Skerritt. The film was many years in the making, including a change of production companies with Reese Witherspoon originally reported as being the leading lady and producer in 2002. Based on the main character from the Whiteout comic book series by Greg Rucka and Steve Lieber. Carrie Stetko, a U.S marshal at the South Pole Station, has to investigate a series of murders on the continent, which may be related to the crash of a Russian airplane 50 years earlier. Critics have said that the film left them cold and that the use of ÒwhiteoutÓ to the script would have helped the plot. The movie was filmed in Manitoba and Quebec, Canada.
JASPER: JOURNEY TO THE END OF THE WORLD (2008) (Germany)
Directed by Eckart Fingberg and Kay Delvanthal. Jasper, a penguin, is the leading character of a German television series of animated shorts by Toons ÕnÕ Tales, from the early 2000s. It was made into a feature-length film for the European market in 2008 as Jasper und das Limonadenkomplott, but the English version, titled Journey to the End of the World, has not yet been distributed in North America. According to the soundtrack CD, ÒBetween the backdrops of the icy South Pole and a colourful harbour city, unfolds the adventure of the penguin brothers Jasper and Junior, who, with the help of 9-year old Emma, rescue the eggs of the rare Kakapo bird from the evil hands of Dr. Block.Ó There is a dynamic orchestral score by Florian Tessloff.
ANTARCTICA (2008) (Israel)
Directed by Yair Hochner, featuring Tomer Ilan, Yiftach Mizrahi, Guy Zoaretz, Lucy Dubinchik and Liat Ekta. A comedy about urban gay characters in Tel Aviv, with no apparent relation to Antarctica, other than one of the characters wanting to go there.
8 BELOW (2006) (U.S.A.)
Directed by Frank Marshall, featuring Paul Walker, Bruce Greenwood and Moon Bloodgood. This is an Americanized version of the film Antarctica, about the 1958 first Japanese Antarctic Expedition, which ended up stranding a pack of 17 sled dogs on the continent over a winter season and the efforts of the sled dog handler to return to pick them up.
HAPPY FEET (2006) (U.S.A.)
Directed by George Miller, with voices from a whole cast of famous actors such as Elijah Wood, Robin Williams, Nicole Kidman and Hugh Jackman. The animated film is about Mumbles, the Antarctic penguin who canÕt sing but can tap dance up a storm. It became a box office success and won the Oscar for best animated feature film of 2006.
DRAWING RESTRAINT 9 (2005) (U.S.A.)
Directed by Matthew Barney, featuring Icelandic pop singer Bjrk, who also composed the soundtrack. This is a continuation of BarneyÕs art film series about self-restraint and creativity. The activities take place on the Japanese Antarctic whaling vessel Nisshin Maru, which also serves as a film protagonist, as does a melted vaseline sculpture. People turn into whales and the ship enters iceberg-filled Antarctic waters.
ANTARCTIC JOURNAL (2005) (South Korea)
Directed by Yim Pil-Sung. An Antarctic mystery and psychological thriller about six expeditioners crossing the continent. After they find a journal from another expedition that disappeared 80 years ago, turmoil and terror abound. The movie is in Korean with English subtitles.
9 SONGS (2005) (U.K.)
Directed by Michael Winterbottom, featuring Kieran OÕBrien and Margo Stilley. The flashbacks of a young glaciologist in Antarctica about his steamy romance back in London, UK with an American exchange student, interspersed with live music performances that complement the film. Controversial and notorious for the X-rated content in a supposedly mainstream film.
GODZILLA: FINAL WARS (2004) (Japan)
Directed by Ryuhei Kitamura, this is a 50th anniversary episode of the Godzilla movie series. A rescue army of mutant earthlings releases Godzilla from his captivity within the ice at the South Pole to battle the worldÕs fiercest monsters, which have been unleashed throughout the world by an invading alien spacecraft.
AVP: ALIEN VS. PREDATOR (2004) (U.S.A.)
Directed by Paul W. S. Anderson, featuring Lance Henriksen, Sanaa Lathan, Raoul Bova and Ewen Bremner. Aliens fight it out with humans in a buried pyramid that is discovered by modern industrialists at an abandoned whaling station, deep in the ice of AntarcticaÕs Bouvet¿ya Island. Novelization by Marc Cerasini.
RETROGADE (2004) (South Korea)
Directed by Christopher Kulikowski and featuring Dolph Lundgren. The action is based on a ship trapped in Antarctic sea ice. A team of genetically altered time travellers come back to the present to try to prevent a future biological disaster. Two opposing time travellers fight it out amongst the shipÕs crew of polar scientists and researchers, whose live are permanently altered.
ALIEN HUNTER (2003) (U.S.A./ Bulgaria)
Directed by Ron Krauss and featuring James Spader, Janine Eser, Leslie Stefanson, Carl Lewis and John Lynch. This is about Antarctic researchers, signals from outer space and a mysterious object that is found buried in the ice at a research base. If the object is opened and the creature inside awakes, it may lead to the annihilation of earth.
DEEP FREEZE (aka ICE CRAWLERS) (2003) (U.S.A.)
Directed by John Carl Buechler, featuring Allen Lee Haff, Goetz Otto, David Milbern, Alexandra Kamp and Karen Nieci. Scientists on an Antarctic ice shelf base with questionable activities are killed off one by one by a tentacled monster.
SHACKLETON (2002) (U.K.)
Directed by Charles Sturridge, featuring Kenneth Branagh, Phoebe Nicholls, Kevin McNally, Lorcan Cranich, Mark McGann and Matt Day. This was a 2-part TV dramatization about Ernest ShackletonÕs 1914-16 Endurance Expedition. Based on a definitive biography of the same name by Roland Huntford. The production received many award nominations but was criticized for being too long on ShackletonÕs early life and too short on the final Elephant Island rescue story.
BOA (aka NEW ALCATRAZ) (2001) (U.S.A.)
Directed by Phillip Roth, featuring Dean Cain, Elizabeth Lackey, Mark A. Sheppard, Grand L. Bush, Dean Biasucci and Craig Wasson. At a new international high security prison for dangerous criminals, dug far inside Antarctic ice, a deadly reptile awakens from within. All the inmates and the team sent in to investigate had better look out.
THE X FILES –THE MOVIE (1998) (U.S.A.)
Directed by Rob Bowman, featuring David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson, John Neville, Blythe Danner and Martin Landau. In a continuation of their popular TV series of the same name, which ran from 1993 to 2002, paranormal investigators Mulder and Scully find themselves at a secret lab underneath Antarctica, where an alien space ship has been dormant.
BLUE SUBMARINE NO. 6 (AONOROKUGO) (1998) (Japan)
Originally the name of a Japanese manga print comic book series, Blue Submarine No. 6 became a four part video animation TV program in 1998 and was reported to be in planning for a live-action movie. Based in the near future when the oceans have flooded most of the earthÕs coastlines, the seriesÕ villain/ rogue scientist has a base of operations at the South Pole and is trying to induce a polar switch with the aid of the South PoleÕs geothermal energy, in order to teach his brand of humanity to mankind. War later ensues on Antarctica, with the good guys on Blue Submarine No. 6, part of a peacekeeping force, leading the way to confront the enemy. Antarctica, meanwhile, has been transformed into the tropics. The series finally ends with the pole shift stopped and an uneasy truce for the sake of humanity.
SOMETIMES THEY COME BACK FOR MORE (1998) (U.K.)
Directed by Daniel Berk, featuring Faith Ford, based on characters created by Stephen King. Two military investigators go to an Antarctic base engaged in illegal drilling, that has mysteriously lost all its crew, except for two survivors. A world of devilish terror begins to emerge.
SUPER ATRAGON (1996) (Japan)
An anime film directed by Kazuyoshi Katayama and Mitsuo Fukui, based on the Japanese adventure novel series Kaitei Gunkan by Shunrō Ohshikawa and the 1963 live action movie. It tells the story of two American and Japanese submarines lost shortly after the 1945 Hiroshima atom bombing. Fifty years later, UN forces are sent to investigate a missing team at an Antarctic base. They find a large black object in the ice cap, aliens from inside the earth and the reincarnated Japanese submarine.
THE PEBBLE AND THE PENGUIN (1995) (U.S.)
A feature-length cartoon tale, directed by Don Bluth, with voices by Martin Short, James Belushi, Tim Curry and Annie Golden. A shy Adlie penguin must present his potential mate with the perfect pebble but is thrown into the icy ocean by an evil rival. He is captured and caged and with the help of a streetsmart fellow penguin, they escape and must travel back to Antarctica before the mating ceremony starts. Songs by Barry Manilow and Bruce Sussman.
ANTçRTIDA (1995) (Spain/U.S.A.)
Directed by Manuel Huerga, featuring Ariadna Gil, Carlos Fuentes, Francis Lorenzo and Jos Manuel Lorenzo. A film not so much about Antarctica as a place but rather, as a state of mind and about music and drug addition. The soundtrack consists of short, sparse, haunting, melodic themes, including the title theme Antarctica Starts Here, by John Cale.
THE FORBIDDEN QUEST (1993) (Netherlands)
Directed by Peter Delpeut, featuring Joseph OÕConor and Roy Ward. An old shipÕs carpenter is interviewed in 1941 about his voyage as a member of an unknown Dutch Antarctic South Pole expedition in 1905. He is the last survivor and has rolls of the expedition film in canisters. His narration of the bizarre and frightening tale is interwoven with actual film sequences from vintage polar films shot by Herbert Ponting, Frank Hurley, Odd Dahl and others.
THE LAST PLACE ON EARTH (1985) (U.K.)
Directed by Ferdinand Fairfax, featuring Martin Shaw, Susan Wooldridge, Sverre Anker Ousdal, Stephen Moore, Richard Morant, Sylvester McCoy, Pat Roach, Max Von Sydow and a young Hugh Grant. This was BritainÕs Central TVÕs 7-part historical drama series of the competing Roald Amundsen Norwegian and Robert Scott British South Pole Expeditions of 1910-12. Based on the book of the same name by Roland Huntford, who had a strong anti-Scott bias.
ANTARCTICA (NANKYOKU MONOGATARI) (1983) (Japan)
Directed by Koreyoshi Kurahara. This is the story of the 1958 first Japanese Antarctic Expedition, which ended up stranding a pack of 17 sled dogs on the continent over a winter season, and the story of two scientists and their attempts to return for a rescue next season. VangelisÕ powerful instrumental title theme of the same name may well be far better known than the film itself.
THE THING (1982) (U.S.A.)
Directed by John Carpenter, featuring Kurt Russell, Wilford Brimley, T. K. Carter and Richard Dysart. Researchers at an American Antarctic base find remains of an alien buried at another Norwegian base, whose inhabitants have died. A stray dog from the Norwegian base infects the Americans and one by one they begin to transform into the horrific Thing. Music by the well-known film composer Ennio Morricone. This movie is now considered the classic Antarctic horror film. Novel by Alan Dean Foster, which was based on the 1938 short story, Who Goes There?, by John W. Campbell. The film was predated by the original The Thing (From Another World), a 1951 movie by Howard Hawks, in which the polar base was an Arctic one, rather than Antarctic. HawksÕ film was also based John W. CampbellÕs short story.
THE INTRUDER WITHIN (1981) (U.S.A.)
Directed by Peter Carter, featuring Chad Everett, Joseph Bottoms and Jennifer Warren. Team members on a drilling station offshore from Antarctica begin to die after they inadvertently bring up a prehistoric egg that hatches and turns into a monster. The remaining three survivors must stop it. Not Antarctic other than the location, which could have been anywhere.
VIRUS (1980) (Japan)
Directed by Kinji Fukasaku, but featuring many American and international stars – Glenn Ford, George Kennedy, Edward James Olmos, Robert Vaughn, Chuck Connors, Bo Svenson and Olivia Hussey. A plane crash releases a deadly virus that destroys mankind, with the exception of a group of scientists in Antarctica. They must find a cure and save themselves from infection, as well as from a nuclear catastrophe.
THE PEOPLE THAT TIME FORGOT (1977) (U.K.)
Directed by Kevin Connor, featuring Doug McClure, Patrick Wayne, and Sarah Douglas. A sequel to The Land That Time Forgot. An expedition sets out in 1919 to the south polar seas to rescue colleagues who were previously lost in an expedition. They find a tropical oasis in the middle of the ice. Based on the second story of the 1918 Caspak trilogy by Edgar Rice Burroughs.
DOCTOR WHO - The Seeds of Doom (1976) (U.K.)
Directed by Douglas Comfield, featuring Tom Baker and Elisabeth Sladen. The campy Doctor Who was a long running U.K. sci-fi horror television series, originating in 1963. The six-part The Seeds of Doom was the last program in the 13th season and was broadcast over January - March, 1976. In it, a pair of plant pods is discovered under the Antarctic ice and when they burst, they infect the nearest human beings at a scientific base and slowly transform them into grotesque animal plants. The Doctor and his assistant arrive in Antarctica and one of the pods is destroyed in an explosion and the other is taken to England by two rogue agents. The program shows a fairly realistic generic Antarctic base setting, complete with what looks like cheesy Styrofoam snow pellets, in an early scene where the plant pods are first discovered in the ice.
THE LAND THAT TIME FORGOT (1975) (U.K.)
Directed by Kevin Connor, featuring Doug McClure, John McEnery and Susan Penhaligon. A German U-boat sinks a British vessel during WWI, picks up the survivors and ends up in the south polar seas at the island of Caprona, populated by terrifying dinosaurs and apemen. Based on the first story of the 1918 Caspak trilogy by Edgar Rice Burroughs. This movie title was resurrected in a 2009 U.S.A.-made version, directed by C. Thomas Howell, who also had a leading acting role along with Timothy Bottoms. In this film, the original plot is rearranged with the island of Caprona being in the Bermuda Triangle. Two modern newlywed couples end up at the island, which is inhabited by dinosaurs and the crew of a stranded German U-boat.
CRY OF THE PENGUINS (aka MR. FORBUSH AND THE PENGUINS) (1971) (U.K.)
Directed by Alfred Viola, featuring John Hurt and Hayley Mills. Based on the 1965 novel by Graham Billing. A young ladies man and London-based biologist, goes to Antarctica to study penguins and to impress a fellow female biologist. He starts to identify with the penguins, to think less about himself and goes into a life-changing mode.
DOCTOR WHO – The Tenth Planet (1966) (U.K.)
Directed by Derek Martinus, featuring William Hartnell, Anneke Wills and Michael Craze. The campy Doctor Who was a long running U. K. sci-fi horror television series, originating in 1963. The Tenth Planet was the second program in the 4th series and was broadcast in October 1966. In this episode, Dr. Who and his small crew take shelter at a South Pole space mission tracking base in 1986, to warn the scientists that the space capsule they have been following is being affected by the gravity of a tenth planet. The Cybermen, inhabitants of EarthÕs lost twin planet, are at the same time landing in Antarctica to claim earthÕs power and resources.
THE NAVY VS. THE NIGHT MONSTERS (1966) (U.S.A.)
Directed by Michael Hoey, featuring Mamie Van Doren, Anthony Eisley. A U.S. Navy airplane from Operation Deepfreeze, during the 1957-58 International Geophysical Year, brings back some tree and plant specimens from Antarctica to a south seas island navy base for a stopover. The trees soon become killer monsters. Based on the 1959 book The Monster From EarthÕs End by Murray Leinster.
QUICK BEFORE IT MELTS (1965) (U.S.A.)
Directed by Delbert Mann, featuring George Maharis, Robert Morse, Norman Fell, Michael Constatine. A comedy based on the 1964 novel of the same name by Philip Benjamin, following his visit to Antarctica as a NY Times reporter during the International Geophysical Year. Lonely Antarctic researchers, women on The Ice, a reporter, a photographer and a defecting Russian scientist are the ingredients for romance and intrigue.
THE LAND UNKNOWN (1957) (U.S.A.)
Directed by Virgil Vogel, featuring Jock Mahoney, Shawn Smith and William Reynolds. A naval expeditionÕs helicopter, exploring the Antarctic coast, goes down in fog and emerges in a tropical valley. The crew, including a female journalist find dinosaurs and carnivorous plants, not to mention a deranged sole survivor of a previous expedition.
HELL BELOW ZERO (1953) (U.S.A.)
Directed by Mark Robson, featuring Alan Ladd, Stanley Baker and Joan Tetzl. A former American naval officer joins and Antarctic vessel and meets a woman traveling to the Antarctic whaling fleet to investigate the death of her father. The action and romance move to a whaling vessel, which is rammed and the protagonists fight it out with axes on an ice floe. Based on the 1949 novel The White South by Hammond Innes.
SCOTT OF THE ANTARCTIC (1948) (U.K.)
Directed by Charles Frend, featuring John Mills, Harold Warrender, Derek Bond, Reginald Beckwith and James Robertson Justice. A classic dramatization of Robert ScottÕs fateful 1910-12 South Pole Expedition, with an emphasis on the heroic aspects of the struggle. The background music, by Ralph Vaughan Williams, one of BritainÕs greatest 20th century composers, was later arranged into his Seventh Symphony, which premiered in 1953 and is still considered to be the mother of all recorded Antarctic music.
LA FEMME DU BOUT DU MONDE (THE WOMAN FROM THE END OF THE WORLD) (1938) (France)
Directed by Jean Epstein, featuring Jean Appert, Jean-Pierre Aumont, Paul Azaїs, Philippe Richard, Germaine Rouer, Charles Vanel. A ship searching for uranium on a lost Antarctic island is bewitched by a mysterious woman living on the island with her child and insane husband. 20 minutes of the film have been lost and only a 64-minute version remains. Based on the 1930 novel by Alain Serdac (real name Denise Fontaine).
SOUTH POLE OR BUST (1934) (U.S.A.)
Directed by Frank Moser and Paul Terry. A 4-minute Terrytoon silent cartoon about a mouse and a dog that fly the South Pole, disturb a sleeping walrus on the way and are greeted by resident Rotarian penguins. The enraged walrus tries to extract revenge but the two visitors are rescued by their airplane.
DIRIGIBLE (1931) (U.S.A.)
Directed by the iconic Frank Capra, featuring Jack Holt, Ralph Graves, Fay Wray and Hobart Bosworth. This is a film about competitive Navy fliers and adventurers trying to attain the South Pole. When the expedition airplane of one of the pilots crashes at the South Pole, his friend and rival in romance has to undertake a dramatic rescue in a dirigible. The filming was noteworthy for Hobart Bosworth losing many teeth and part of his jaw by putting dry ice directly in his mouth in order to recreate the effect of steamy breath in the frigid temperatures. Fay Wray went on to fame as the star of the film King Kong in 1933.
THE LOST ZEPPELIN (1929) (U.S.A.)
Directed by Edward Sloman, featuring Conway Tearle, Ricardo Cortez and Virginia Valli. Two expeditioners make their way to the South Pole with a dirigible, which gets downed by bad weather. The public at home follows the news via radio, including the commanderÕs wife who is involved in a secret love triangle with the first mate. The news is of a single survivor – which one? The film is notable for awkward moments with its soundtrack since talkies only first became commercialized in late 1927 (with the Jazz singer) and did not become the norm until the early 1930s. The soundtrack was by Meredith Willson, who was twice nominated for Academy Awards for music and was best known for his Broadway musicals The Music Man. and the follow up The Unsinkable Molly Brown.
THE SOUTH POLE FLIGHT (1928) (U.S.A.)
Directed by Hugh Harman and Ben Clopton. In this black and white cartoon short, Oswald the Lucky Rabbit heads to the South Pole in a flying bathtub, is attacked by a bird but makes it, where his destination is marked by street signs. The cartoon is believed to be lost. Although the Oswald series was originally drawn by Walt Disney in 1927, under contract to Universal Studios, he did not own the rights. By the time this cartoon was made by Universal Studios through Winkler Pictures, Disney had begun his own studios and was starting to make history with his Mickey Mouse animations. The Oswald cartoons were made until 1943 and OswaldÕs last appearance was a 1951 cameo in a Woody Woodpecker cartoon.